1.DAILY CLEANSING to help your skin remain balanced is a must. It removes dirt, sweat, excessive sebum, and makeup that can irritate the skin and encourage the growth of bacteria. You should cleanse your face twice a day: in the morning, you’ll remove natural secretions produced overnight, and at bedtime you’ll let the skin breathe better and help the epidermis regenerate itself while you sleep.
CAUTION Always be as gentle as possible when cleansing your skin, so you don’t damage its protective barrier of hydrolipidic film. Cleanse gently using an appropriate product.
Look for products that say “soap-free,” “fragrance-free,” “hypoallergenic,” “pH balanced” (in other words, with a pH between 4.5 and 6.5) or “noncomedogenic” (meaning it won’t clog pores)—these products are generally kinder on your skin. It’s also important to choose a cleanser that suits your skin type. For combination or oily skin, pick a cleansing gel or foaming mousse. For skin that’s dry, sensitive, and delicate (in other words, reactive) cleansing milk is a better choice. If you want to quickly remove makeup or take just one cleansing product along when you travel, opt for a micellar solution, which acts as both a cleanser and toning lotion.
The best and gentlest way to cleanse your skin is to use warm water and make small circular motions with your fingertips in an upward and outward direction. Pay special attention to the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) and don’t forget your neck. Rinse once or twice using a washcloth.
CAUTION Cleansing with a sponge is not recommended: If not thoroughly cleaned on a regular basis, sponges can harbor bacteria. Nor is using a small brush, which can cause long-term damage and irritation.
Remember to remove all eye makeup before you cleanse your face! Choose a product designed specifically for the eyes, as skin in the eye area is extremely thin and sensitive. To remove non-waterproof mascara, use water-based makeup remover; for waterproofmascara, use an oil-based product. For thorough cleansing, moisten a cotton ball with makeup remover and gently dab eyelids and lashes. If you don’t take the time to remove makeup from your lashes, they can fall out more easily or become more sparse.
2.APPLYING TONER removes any left-behind grime and residue from your cleansing product and closes the pores so new impurities can’t penetrate. Here’s a tip from the pros: applying toner with a cotton ball after your morning and evening cleansing rituals will give your skin a fresher, more luminous look and help it benefit from specialized treatments.
CAUTION Avoid alcohol-based products, which can irritate skin.
3.HYDRATING OR APPLYING TREATMENTS to your skin is one of the first steps to counter the effects of age. Most of these treatments are intended to protect the skin, depending on its characteristics. So you might choose a different day lotion and night cream, or you might prefer one that’s designed for daytime and night-time use. Ask your cosmetician to help you choose the product that best suits your needs and skin type.
There are also day creams that contain sunscreen, to keep you protected when you’re on the go. However, you’ll need to apply UVA and UVB sun protection with at least 30 SPF or more if you’re spending the day outdoors.
CAUTION Be sure to reapply sunscreen every two hours or after swimming or intense physical activity.
Apply specialized treatments to your face and neck morning and night, using a gentle touch and small upward motions.