There are many things you can do to slow the process down.
PROTECT YOURSELF FROM THE SUN
Exposure to the sun speeds up skin aging. UV rays activate free radicals that damage cells and destroy collagen fibers. Repeated exposure to the sun weakens the skin cells, making them thinner and less elastic. The ideal solution is to apply a skin cream containing sunscreen every day to protect your skin when you go out. When you spend the day outside, the Canadian Dermatology Association recommends using a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or over that protects you against both UVB and UVA rays. The sunscreen should be applied on top of your daily skin care product. Applying sunscreen does not mean, however, that you should exposure yourself to the sun for longer than necessary. It is also recommended to wear a hat and use a parasol, and you can also prevent wrinkles and crows feet around the eyes by wearing sun glasses.
MOISTURIZE YOUR SKIN
Moisturizers are also considered to be very useful in preventing skin aging as they help the skin to preserve its suppleness and elasticity. It is recommended that you cleanse your skin thoroughly and apply moisturizer morning and evening. A number of proven active ingredients—ceramides, hyaluronic acid, oats, urea, etc. —can help hydrate the skin: People who work outdoors or do a lot of outdoor sports should make a special effort to keep their skin hydrated because cold, wind, and sun all cause skin aging. In the daytime, it is crucial to apply a protective cream before going out.
ADOPT A HEALTHY LIFESTYLEGood nutrition, drinking lots of water, engaging in regular physical activity, reducing stress, and sleeping well all help keep your skin looking young. Stop smoking: tobacco is a key factor in premature skin aging.
Some products are designed to limit the damage caused by aging of the skin cells and can be used as a complement to sunscreen and moisturizing products. Although a number of ingredients have proven effective, others have not turned out to be as useful.
Antioxidants in moisturizing products, particularly vitamins C and E, the coenzyme Q-10, and botanical products like teas, grape skins and seeds, and soy, may improve your skin’s natural protection by neutralizing free radicals and help treat superficial wrinkles.
CAUTION There are no miracle products to help treat wrinkles.
Did you know that a proper diet is one of the factors that helps keep skin looking younger?
Corrective ingredients like alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), glycolic acid, lactic acid, and beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) may improve the texture and elasticity of the skin, and their exfoliating action removes dead skin cells. Their long term use boosts the skin’s collagen and elastic fiber content.
Creams made with retinaldehyde may promote the production of elastic fibers and collagen while reducing signs of skin aging like wrinkles, fine lines, changes in texture, and increased pigmentation.
CAUTION These products are not suitable for all types of skin and can have adverse effects. Some increase the skin’s sensitivity to the sun so you should avoid using them before going out in the sun. Ask a health professional about the precautions to take before using them.