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    This glossary lets you find a brief definition of a term without having to use a dictionary. Simply click on the first letter of the term you want to find, or use the search bar in the upper right corner. 

    • A
      • Alpha bisabolol

        Scientific name: Alpha bisabolol

        Origin: A plant-derived ingredient that can be recreated in the laboratory.

        Mode of action: Alpha bisabolol is used for its anti-inflammatory properties when applied to skin.

        Features: It is a component of chamomile, which has for centuries been used to fight inflammation.

      • Avène thermal spring water

        Description: The source of this water is in Avène, a small village in southwestern France.

        Properties: Avène thermal spring water courses through the natural crevasses deep in the mountain. It is bacteriologically pure and has a low mineral content. Its soothing, anti-irritating properties make it ideal for treating sensitive, fragile skin.

    • B
      • Blueberry extract

        Scientific name: Centaurea cyanus L.

        Origin: Blueberry extract is a plant-derived ingredient.

        Mode of action: It is used on skin for its calming, soothing, and decongestant properties.

        Features: Blueberry extract is known to soothe tired, puffy, or irritated eyes and sensitive skin.

    • C
      • Cold cream

        Description: Cold cream is formulated with beeswax, sweet almond oil, and rose water.

        Properties: Cold cream intensely nourishes and protects skin and makes it softer.

      • Cucurbita pepo

        Description: Cucurbita pepo is a plant species that consists of several varieties of the Cucurbitaceae family, including squash and zucchini.

        Properties: Cucurbita pepo extract is used for cosmetic purposes to regulate sebum secretion.

    • G
      • Glycolic and lactic acids (AHAs)

        Description: Glycolic acid is obtained from plant glucose, while lactic acid is an organic compound.

        Properties: These acids refine skin texture by stimulating cell renewal, thus preventing skin thickening, which is observed in cases of hyperseborrhea in particular.

      • Gp4G

        Scientific name: Diguanoside tetraphosphate.

        Origin: Gp4G is a natural active ingredient extracted from plankton (Artemia salina).

        Mode of action: Gp4G is a precursor of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which scientists recognize as the main source of energy of human cells.

        Features: Plankton can withstand long periods without oxygen primarily because of Gp4G, which is a veritable energy reserve.

    • I
      • Ichthyol

        Scientific name: Ichthyol

        Origin: Mineral.

        Mode of action: Ichthyol fights dry or oily dandruff and the associated clinical signs through its kerato-reducing, anti-inflammatory, and anti-itch action.

        Features: It is an alternative to tar/coal tar that is just as effective. Products that contain it are better tolerated and much nicer to use.

    • K
      • Kaolin

        Scientific name: Kaolin

        Origin: Mineral.

        Mode of action: Kaolin is used to fight hyperseborrhea and cleanse oily hair because of its high absorption capacity. Soft kaolin clay gently absorbs excess sebum and impurities, improving the appearance of hair.

        Features: Kaolin is a soft clay known for its fine-grained texture and is highly sought after for the production of the finest porcelain and cosmetic products.

      • Keluamid

        Scientific name: Keluamid

        Origin: Patented by Pierre Fabre Laboratories.

        Mode of action: Keluamid helps eliminate scales (dandruff and psoriasis) by wetting them and causing them to burst.

        Features: It also has anti-inflammatory and anti-itch properties. Its mechanical-action mechanism makes it extremely well tolerated.

      • Kertyol

        Scientific name: Kertyol

        Origin: An ichthyol sodium and crotamiton distillate patented by Pierre Fabre Laboratories.

        Mode of action: It is used to fight oily dandruff and the associated clinical signs through its kerato-reducing, anti-inflammatory, and anti-itch action. The synergistic action of crotamiton fights both irritation and excessive flaking of the scalp.

        Features: Kertyol is an alternative to tar/coal tar that is just as effective. Products that contain it are better tolerated and much nicer to use.

    • N
      • Neoruscine

        Scientific name: Neoruscine

        Origin: The most active fraction of the Ruscus aculeatus plant (butcher’s broom).

        Mode of action: Neoruscine promotes microcirculation by acting directly on the VEGF, a substance made by cells that stimulates new blood vessel formation.

        Features: This active ingredient is also used in certain medications to prevent varicose veins.

    • P
      • Piroctone olamine

        Scientific name: Piroctone olamine

        Origin: Produced in the laboratory.

        Mode of action: Piroctone olamine soothes the scalp through its anti-irritant action and fights dandruff through its anti-fungal action.

    • R
      • Retinaldehyde

        Description: Retinaldehyde is the immediate precursor to vitamin A acid, the only active skin molecule. It is the essential phase between retinol and retinoic acid and has the properties of vitamin A acid without the adverse effects.

        Mode of action: When applied directly to keratinocytes (skin cells), retinaldehyde revives cellular dynamics and promotes renewal of deep skin layers. It indirectly revives collagen and elastin synthesis, thus reducing the signs of skin aging (wrinkles, fine lines, hyperpigmentation), and may also be used to treat acne.

    • S
      • Sabal serrulata

        Scientific name: Sabal serrulata

        Origin: Derived from the saw palmetto plant of South America.

        Mode of action: Sabal serrulata provides antiseborrheic action, reducing sebum secretion on the scalp by acting directly on the sebaceous gland.

        Features: Its antiseborrheic properties also help prevent hair loss when combined with lauric acid.

      • Salicylic acid (BHA)

        Description: Salicylic acid is naturally synthesized by certain plants (like meadowsweet and white willow) and some fruits.

        Properties: Salicylic acid has keratolytic (exfoliating) properties that help remove impurities and dead skin cells.

      • Selenium sulfide

        Scientific name: Selenium sulfide

        Origin: Mineral.

        Mode of action: Selenium sulfide provides fungistatic action, primarily against the dry dandruff associated with seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis versicolor.

        Features: It is an ingredient that is known to dermatologists and very well tolerated.

      • Sucralfate

        Description: Sucralfate is a complex molecule: sugar (fructose + glucose) in the form of basic salt.

        Mode of action: Sucralfate has been used as a gastrointestinal medication, primarily for ulcers. Today it is used in skin care products for its healing action. Sucralfate mechanically protects wounds by creating a semi-occlusive film that maintains the moisture level required to heal skin, and activates skin repair by stimulating cell proliferation.

    • T
      • Tocopherol nicotinate

        Scientific name: Tocopherol nicotinate

        Origin: Derivative of vitamin E and nicotinic acid.

        Mode of action: Tocopherol nicotinate acts against hair loss by promoting oxygenation of the hair bulb and skin microcirculation.

        Features: It helps products penetrate better and more effectively by promoting blood microcirculation and boosting skin exchanges.

    • Z
      • Zinc gluconate

        Description: This zinc compound is a trace element essential to the body.

        Mode of action: It is an anti-inflammatory agent used to treat acne.