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    Glossary

    • A
      • ABPM
        Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.
      • Acupuncture
        Chinese traditional medical approach based on the principle that illness is caused.
      • Adenoids
        Tonsils located near the eustachian tubes that protect the airways from infection.
      • Adenopathy
        Disease affecting the lymph glands.
      • AF
        Atrial fibrillation.
      • AIDS
        Acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
      • Albuminuria
        Albumin levels in the blood.
      • Alcoholemia
        Blood alcohol level.
      • Allopathy
        Medical approach opposite to homeopathy that uses substances having an effect contrary to that of the illness.
      • Amniocentesis
        Sampling of amniotic fluid to check the health of the fetus.
      • Analgesic
        Drug that relieves pain.
      • Anamnesis
        Complete health history.
      • Anaphylaxis
        Potentially life-threatening spontaneous allergic reaction mainly characterized by severe difficulty in breathing.
      • Angio (blood vessels) graph (image)
        Image of blood vessels.
      • Angioplasty
        Surgery to repair a blood vessel.
      • Anovulant
        Drug that suppresses ovulation (contraceptive).
      • Antibiotic
        Drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria.
      • Antidote
        Substance that counters the effect of a specific poison.
      • Antifungal
        Drug used to treat infections caused by fungi.
      • Antigen
        Foreign body that triggers an immune reaction.
      • Antimalarial
        Drug used to prevent or treat malaria.
      • Antiparasitic
        Drug used to treat diseases caused by parasites.
      • Antipyretic
        Drug that reduces fever.
      • Antiseptic
        Product that destroys possible sources of infection.
      • Antispasmodic
        Drug that relieves or prevents spasms.
      • Antiviral
        Drug used to treat infections caused by viruses.
      • Aromatherapy
        Use of fragrances to treat or prevent certain illnesses.
      • Artery
        Blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the organs, delivering oxygen.
      • Asepsis
        Set of practices for eliminating foreign microorganisms (parasites, microbes, etc.).
      • Audiology
        Science of evaluating, preventing, and rehabilitating hearing disorders.
    • B
      • Bacteria
        Microscopic organism present throughout the body.
      • Bacterial flora
        Bacteria that normally makes up an organ’s mucous membrane (e.g., vaginal flora, intestinal flora).
      • Biopsy
        Taking of a tissue or cell sample for diagnostic purposes.
      • Blepharitis
        Inflammation of the eyelid.
      • Borborygm
        Intestinal noise caused by gas.
      • Bronchiole
        Fine, tubular extensions of a bronchus.
      • Bursitis
        Inflammation of the bursa, a small sac of liquid between the tendon and the bone.
    • C
      • Cachexia
        State of malnutrition.
      • Capillary
        Very small blood vessel.
      • Capsule
        Gelatin membrane containing a drug in powder form.
      • Cardiology
        Medical specialty focusing on heart problems.
      • Cerumen
        Ear wax.
      • Chiropracty
        Healthcare science aimed at diagnosing, treating, and preventing mechanical deficiencies of the musculoskeletal system.
      • Collyrium
        Liquid medication that is applied in the eyes (eye drops).
      • Colonoscopy
        Examination of the interior of the intestines.
      • Complex sugars
        Sugars our body assimilates slowly (e.g., starchy food).
      • Contraception
        Set of methods for preventing pregnancy.
      • CPK
        Creatine phosphokinase.
      • CPR
        Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
      • Cream
        Medication applied to the skin; often whitish in color.
      • Creatinine clearance test
        Urine test to check kidney health.
      • Crown
        Dental prosthesis in the shape of a real tooth that is placed over a damaged tooth.
      • CVA
        Cerebrovascular accident (stroke).
      • Cyst
        Tumor that may be benign or malignant.
    • D
      • Deglutition
        Swallowing.
      • Dermatology
        Medical specialty involving the study, diagnosis, and treatment of skin problems.
      • Dermis
        Tissue that, together with the epidermis, makes up the skin.
      • Diaphragm
        Contraceptive device consisting of a latex dome inserted high into the vagina before sex.
      • Dietary cholesterol
        Cholesterol the body absorbs from the animal products we eat.
      • Dietary fiber
        Food components that the body does not digest but that can promote proper intestinal activity.
      • Diuretic
        Drug that increases the elimination of urine.
      • Diverticulum
        Small pouch in the intestine.
      • DNA
        Substance containing genetic information.
      • Doppler (angiology)
        Ultrasound of blood vessels.
    • E
      • Ear drops
        Liquid medication that is applied in the ears.
      • ECG
        Electrocardiogram.
      • EEG
        Electroencephalogram.
      • Enamel
        Hard, whitish substance covering the tooth.
      • Endocardium
        Membrane lining the inside of the heart.
      • Endometrium
        Membrane lining the uterus.
      • ENT
        Medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of illnesses and malformations of the ears, nose, and throat.
      • Epidemic
        Rapid, widespread outbreak of a disease.
      • Epidermis
        Outer layer of the skin.
      • EPO
        Erythropoietine.
      • Erythrocytes
        Red blood cells, which carry oxygen.
      • Estrogen
        Sex hormone responsible for the development of female sex characteristics.
      • Excipient
        Component of a drug formulation other than the drug itself.
    • F
      • Facet
        Shell covering the front of the tooth.
      • FBP
        Full blood profile.
      • Fluoride
        Chemical that may be beneficial for tooth care.
      • Folliculitis
        Inflammation of a hair follicle.
    • G
      • Gastrectomy
        Partial or total removal of the stomach.
      • Gel
        Water- or alcohol-based preparation that is applied to the skin.
      • Gingivitis
        Inflammation of the gums.
      • Glucose tolerance test
        Test that observes variations in blood sugar levels two hours after a specific amount of glucose is consumed.
      • Glycemia
        Blood sugar level.
      • Glycosylated hemoglobin or HbA1c
        Test to identify blood sugar levels over a period of months.
      • Gynecology
        Medical specialty that diagnoses and treats diseases of the female sexual organs.
    • H
      • Halitosis
        Bad breath.
      • HBP
        High blood pressure.
      • HDL
        High density lipoprotein (good blood fat).
      • Hematology
        Medical specialty that studies the blood and blood-related diseases.
      • HIV
        Human immunodeficiency virus.
      • Holistic
        Pertaining to a global approach to human health.
      • Homeopathy
        Approach that uses substances in infinitesimal doses to combat illness by producing the same symptoms as the illness and thus stimulating the body’s immune system.
      • HR
        Heart rate.
      • Hyperplasia
        Abnormal growth of a tissue or organ.
    • I
      • Immunization
        Preventive method of protecting people from infectious organisms by injecting a form of the organism in order to stimulate the production of antibodies.
      • Implant
        Small cylinder that is attached to the maxillary bone and covered by a crown or prosthesis.
      • Infectiology
        Medical specialty that diagnoses and treats infections.
      • Inhaler
        Small device for inhaling a drug in volatilized or powder form.
      • Insulin
        Hormone made in the pancreas that enables the body to absorb blood sugars efficiently.
      • IRN
        International normalized ratio (coagulation test).
      • IUD
        Small T-shaped contraceptive device inserted into the uterus.
      • IVF
        In vitro fertilization.
    • K
      • Kalemia
        Potassium levels in the blood.
    • L
      • Laryngoscopy
        Examination interior of the larynx.
      • LDL
        Low density lipoprotein (bad blood fat).
      • Leucocytes
        White blood cells, which defend against foreign bodies.
      • Liniment
        Creamy substance that is applied to the skin.
      • Lipids
        All fatty substances.
      • Lotion
        Therapeutic liquid that can be applied to the skin or scalp.
    • M
      • Mammo (breast) graphy
        Procedure for obtaining images of the breast in order to detect precancerous and cancerous lesions .
      • Massage therapy
        Therapeutic massage treatments to correct human physical disorders.
      • Mastoiditis
        Inflammation of a portion of the temporal bone, often a complication of an ear infection.
      • Miction
        Urine flow.
      • Mites
        Very small animals (related to spiders) visible only with a microscope.
      • MMR
        Measles, mumps, and rubella (vaccine).
      • Monounsaturated fats
        Fats that tend to decrease cholesterol levels.
      • Mouthwash
        Liquid with or without medication with which the mouth and throat are rinsed and which is usually spit out afterwards.
      • MS
        Multiple sclerosis.
      • Mydriasis
        Pupil dilation in the dark.
      • Myelopathy
        Disease affecting the bone marrow.
      • Myopathy
        Disease affecting the muscles.
      • Myosis
        Contraction of the pupil in response to light.
    • N
      • Natremia
        Sodium levels in the blood.
      • Naturopathy
        Therapeutic approach based on the use of natural medicines.
      • Nebulizer
        Device that reduces certain liquid medications into very fine particles for inhaling.
      • Nephrology
        Medical specialty involving the study, diagnosis, and treatment of kidney disorders.
      • Neurology
        Science that studies anatomy, physiology, and chemistry of the brain and various brain-related illnesses.
      • NSAID
        Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
    • O
      • Ointment
        Oily preparation that is applied to the skin.
      • Oncology
        Medical specialty that diagnoses and treats cancer.
      • Ophthalmology
        Medical specialty that evaluates and corrects vision disorders.
      • Orthodontics
        Straightening of the teeth to improve appearance and function.
      • Orthopedics
        Treatment of bone, muscle, joint, tendon, and ligament problems. Anything to do with body movement.
      • Osteopathy
        Manual medical approach to functional disorders of the human body.
      • OTC
        Over the counter.
      • Ovulation
        Point in the menstrual cycle when the ovule is ready to be fertilized.
    • P
      • Palliative
        Holistic approach to care for people suffering from terminal illness.
      • Pandemic
        Epidemic that spreads to a large population (across a continent, worldwide).
      • Partial
        Removable prosthesis.
      • Pediatrics
        Medical care of children.
      • Peri (around) dural (dura mater)
        Form of anesthesia involving injection of drugs into the space between the dura mater, enclosing the brain and spinal cord, and the bone.
      • Pericardium
        Membranous sac surrounding the heart.
      • Peristalsis
        Wavelike action that moves the content of an organ forward (e.g., intestinal peristalsis: movements that advance the stomach contents through the intestine).
      • Peritoneum
        Membrane lining the abdominal cavity outside the internal organs.
      • Physiatry
        Diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal (movement) disorders.
      • Phytotherapy
        Knowledge and use of the therapeutic properties of plants.
      • Platelets
        Blood cells that promote coagulation (also called thrombocytes).
      • Podiatry
        Specialty that treats foot diseases and provides foot care.
      • Polyunsaturated fats
        Fats that have proven ability to decrease cholesterol levels.
      • Probiotic
        Living microorganism contained in food or food supplements that stimulates the growth of beneficial bacteria in the body.
      • Progesterone
        Sex hormone involved in preparing the body for pregnancy.
      • Prophylaxis
        Set of measures taken to prevent a disease.
      • Proteins
        Essential component in living organisms. Long chains of amino acids that make up the support tissues (cell membranes, bones structure, collagen, etc.), hormones, antibodies, enzymes, etc.
      • Proteinuria
        Blood protein levels.
      • Psychiatry
        Medical specialty that diagnosis and treats mental health problems.
    • R
      • Reflexology
        Approach according to which each part of the body is linked to a specific area of the foot.
    • S
      • Salpingitis
        Inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
      • Saturated fats
        Bad fats that increase blood cholesterol and are bad for the heart.
      • Scales
        Small pieces of skin that scale off.
      • Scinti (star) graphy
        Procedure for obtaining images of an organ using radioactive substances.
      • Septicemia
        Blood poisoning.
      • Sialorrhea
        Excessive secretion of saliva.
      • Sigmoidectomy
        Removal of the last portion of the colon.
      • Simple sugars
        Sugars our body assimilates rapidly (e.g., sugar in chocolate).
      • Slow-release tablet
        Tablet that dissolves gradually in the stomach or intestine.
      • Speech therapy
        Science of evaluating and treating people with language disabilities.
      • Spermicide
        Contraceptive product introduced into the vagina that acts locally to destroy or neutralize sperm.
      • Spermogram
        Sperm test.
      • Splenectomy
        Removal of the spleen.
      • Stoma
        An opening created to reroute urine or bowel contents.
      • Stoma collar
        Device that keeps the stomal bag in place.
      • Stomal bag
        Bag used to collect bowel contents.
      • Stomatitis
        Inflammation and sensitivity of the mouth tissues.
      • Suppository
        Medication in the form of a long cone that is inserted into the anus.
      • Suspension
        Liquid that must be shaken before use in order to uniformly distribute the medication it contains.
      • Sweetener
        Chemical substance with a strong sweetening capacity.
      • Syrup
        Sweet liquid containing medication and taken internally.
    • T
      • Tablet
        Specific quantity of a drug plus excipients in compressed powder form.
      • Testosterone
        Male sex hormone secreted by the sex glands.
      • TIA
        Transient ischemic attack.
      • Tomo (division) graphy
        Procedure for obtaining images of an organ in cross section.
      • Trans fats
        Bad fats that increase blood cholesterol.
    • U
      • UVA
        Ultraviolet rays (cause skin aging).
      • UVB
        Ultraviolet rays (cause sunburn).
    • V
      • Vaginal suppository
        Medication in the form of a long cone that is inserted into the vagina.
      • Vein
        Blood vessel that carries blood from body organs to the heart.
      • Virus
        Parasite that multiplies in cells.