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    Puerto Rico

    Travelling is an exciting way to meet people and learn about different cultures. But you have to be careful. Travelling can expose you to disease and poor sanitary conditions. In this document, you will find practical information for safe and healthy travel. In a foreign country, just like at home, a little prevention goes a long way.
    • In short

      • Region
        Central America
      • Capital
        San Juan
      • Population
        3,749,000
      • Currency
        United States dollar (USD)
      • Languages
        Spanish, English
    • Flag

      Flag of Puerto Rico
    Alternate Text

    Recommended Immunization

    In this section, you will find the list of the immunizations and screenings recommended for Canadians travelling to the above destination (Puerto Rico). Some of them may also be mandatory.

    Diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, measles
    These vaccines are part of every Canadian's standard immunization regimen. Make sure that you are vaccinated and have received the booster shots when required.
    Hepatitis A
    Vaccination is recommended for all travellers.
    Hepatitis B
    Moderate prevalence of carriers. Vaccination is recommended travellers staying in the country a few months or more, healthcare professionals or people receiving health care, those in close contact with local residents, parents adopting a child and those engaging in sexual relations with the country's inhabitants.
    Typhoid fever
    Vaccination is recommended for all travellers, particularly if they expect to have close contact with local residents (family, friends) or are planning stays outside tourist areas where exposure might occur through food or water.

    During your stay

    Once there, you should still be cautious as you could be exposed to other diseases. The presence of diseases that could pose a risk to your health has been reported in the country. The risk is related to the activities you choose to take part in as well as the areas you visit.

    Dengue fever
    Anti-mosquito precautions are essential everywhere in the country.
    Rabies
    Vaccination is recommended only for certain groups of travellers such as veterinarians, animal attendants, spelunkers or other at-risk groups. Vaccination is also recommended for travellers visiting regions where the virus is endemic and where it could be difficult to quickly get a post-exposure treatment and among travellers who will spend lots of time outdoors in rural areas. Vaccination is also recommended to children who will travel frequently or for long stays in a regions with risk, and which are too young to understand the precautions or to mention a bite.
    Schistosomiasis
    Schistosomiasis is present in certain areas of the country. Although the risk of transmission is low, avoiding all contact with fresh water is recommended (swimming, fishing, drinking untreated water).

    The above vaccinations apply to all travellers. For a personalized protection program adapted to your travelling and health needs, visit a travel medicine clinic. Plan ahead: If you need several vaccines, you may need several weeks to complete the immunization schedule.

    Prior to your departure, you may want to consider registering for the Canadians Abroad Service. Registering allows the service to contact and assist you if there is an emergency while you are abroad. Visit the Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada website for more information about this service and how to register.

    If you have purchased travel insurance, your policy will likely include a 24/7 emergency assistance service to help you locate care and coordinate payment. Be sure to have their phone number with you at all times.

    The Canadian Government also has several offices abroad that can provide you with numerous services when in a medical emergency. These services include, but are not limited to:

    • Supplying names of local doctors and health facilities
    • Visiting you in the hospital and providing basic translation services
    • Arranging for medical evacuation if your required treatment is not available in the region (note: costs for this service will not be covered by the government, but may be covered by travel insurance)

    If you need help when travelling in Puerto Rico, contact:

    United States - PUERTO RICO
    Consulate of Canada
    Address: Hato Rey Center, 268 Ponce de Leon, Suite 1111, San Juan (Hato Rey), Puerto Rico, U.S.A., 00918
    Tel.: (787) 759-6629
    Emergency toll-free to Ottawa: 1-888-772-6448
    Fax: (787) 294-1205

    While in Puerto Rico, you will be able to phone to Canada through a Canadian operator by dialing a Canada-direct number: 1-800-496-7123. Public phones may require coins or a phone card.

    Make sure that your passport is valid for the duration of your stay.
    Many countries require that your passport be valid at least six months after the due date of your return.

    Bon voyage!