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Products containing tyramine

Published on April 29, 2020 at 8:00 / Updated on May 28, 2020 at 14:32

Our diet contains several substances that are mildly toxic. In general, these substances are quickly eliminated from the body either by the liver or the kidneys. This is the case with tyramine.

People who take drugs from the monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) class or drugs with similar properties, have trouble eliminating tyramine from their systems. An excess of tyramine in blood can cause a dangerous hypertensive crisis. Thus people taking MAOIs or drugs with similar properties must avoid foods with a high-tyramine content. These foods are listed in the following chart.

Foods with a High-Tyramine Content
Aged meatsLiver (beef/chicken)
BaconMeat extracts (e.g., Bovril, Oxo)
Brick cheeseOyster sauce
CaviarRed wine
Edam cheeseSalami
Fish (marinated and/or dried)Sherry
Fresh sausageShrimps (dried and salted)
GoudaSoya sauce
GrapesTeriyaki sauce
HerringWorcestershire sauce
Hoisin sauceYeasts

This list is not exhaustive. People on MAOIs or drugs with similar properties are advised to consult a nutritionist for help developing a well-balanced diet that contains varied, appetizing, and safe foods.

Be sure to tell your pharmacist and other health-care professionals that you are taking an MAOI or a drug with similar properties.

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