|Synonyms|| The most common synonyms are: |
|Classification|| Stimulant: |
|Mechanism of action|
|Routes of administration|
Effects sought out by the user
- Ease of communication
- Increased attention and energy
- Increased self-esteem
Common toxic effects
- Accelerated breathing
- Hyperthermia (increase in body temperature)
- Increased sex drive
- Loss of appetite
- Moderate increase in blood pressure
- Mydriasis (dilated pupils)
- Tachycardia (increased heart rate)
- Cerebral hemorrhage
- Myocardial infarction
- Psychosis with hallucinations
- Pulmonary edema
Effects associated with chronic use
- Brown stains on teeth
- Damage to the teeth
- Gastrointestinal disorders (ulcers, tumours, etc.)
- Irritation of oral mucosa
- Risk of malnutrition
- Risk of mouth cancer
Regular use may lead to psychological dependence.
Possible, but milder than with amphetamine. The effects reported during withdrawal are mild tremor, irritability, loss of appetite, listlessness, abnormal fatigue, insomnia, minor depression and nightmares.
|Route of administration||Onset of action||Peak||Duration of action|
|Oral||quick (as soon as the khat leaf is chewed)||N/A||3 hours (effects persist for 2 hours after the end of the chewing session)|
- No antidote available.
- Treatment is mainly symptomatic.