Nausea is the unpleasant sensation you feel in your chest or stomach when you think you're about to vomit. Vomiting is when your stomach contents are propelled out of your body through your mouth. Nausea is usually followed by vomiting, but it's possible for one to occur without the other.
Depending on the cause, nausea and vomiting may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as the following:
Causes and triggers
Many things can cause nausea and vomiting, including the following:
The most common causes are drugs, gastroenteritis, and alcohol.
Some causes of nausea and vomiting can have serious consequences on your health and should be treated by a health care professional. Others are not serious and can be treated at home.
If you experience nausea or vomiting, it can help to take the following measures:
- Wait 30 minutes after vomiting before eating or drinking
- After 30 minutes, slowly start to rehydrate with fluids like water, diluted juice, and broth
- Increase your fluid intake if you don't have any more vomiting
- If you're keeping fluids down, start eating again gradually (e.g., soup, crackers, bread, Jell-O)
- Avoid alcohol, coffee, and soft drinks
You can also take medications for nausea, depending on the cause and severity.
When should I see a health care professional?
Speak with your health care provider if you develop any of the following symptoms: