A woman’s menstrual cycle is a complex phenomenon involving a variety of hormones that affect her reproductive system, preparing her uterus to receive a fertilized ovum.
Menstruation, also called a menstrual period, is part of this cycle that lasts an average of 5 days. For some women, menstruation can bring pain known as dysmenorrhea (i.e. cramps, period pain), significant bleeding, and changing moods and energy levels. The pain and discomfort of menstruation are a major cause of absenteeism from school and work. State of health (gynecological and otherwise), certain prescription drugs, diet, and alcohol consumption can all have an effect on menstruation. Addressing and effectively treating complex menstrual problems means looking at all these factors. Also, being able to calculate the length of one’s menstrual cycle and predict menstruation days can help avoid surprises! Have any questions about menstrual cycles? Talk to your health professional about it!