Major therapeutic interest
- Preventing and treating viral and bacterial infections in upper respiratory tract (common cold, flu, sore throat, tonsillitis);
- Reducing symptom severity and duration of common colds and preventing the development of secondary infections like pneumonia.
Other therapeutic interest / Traditional Use
- Treating urinary tract infections and fungal disease vaginal candidiasis (yeast infection from recurring Candida);
- Treating herpes;
- Promoting wound healing and soothing skin inflammations with external use (E. purpurea juice, non-alcoholic extract from herbs).
- Pregnancy and/or breastfeeding: Safety has not yet been established;
- Compromised immune system, auto-immune disease and progressive degenerative disease like multiple sclerosis, collagenosis, HIV/AIDS, leucosis, lupus, pemphigus vulgaris (a serious mucocutaneous disease), tuberculosis, and rheumatoid arthritis;
- Fertility problems (E. purpurea diminishes spermatozoid mobility and their ability to penetrate ovules);
- When taking immunosuppressive drugs like Neoral or Sandimmun;
- Genetic predisposition to allergies (atopy), if a parent or sibling has allergies;
- Asthma or known allergies to the sunflower family (ragweed, chrysanthemums, daisies, etc.). Allergic symptoms may be aggravated.
- An interval of one week is recommended between treatments. The immune system is constantly adjusting, and if it is over- stimulated and does not encounter any adversaries, it will let down its guard and react less effectively in the event of viral contamination.
- Possible reduced effect of corticosteroids like Prednisone and immunosuppressive drugs like Imuran, Neoral, Sandimmune, Prograf, etc.
Herb (E. purpurea), Fresh or dried root, For all three species
- Phenolics (echinacosides, derived from caffeic acid, chicoric acid, cynarine), alkylamides and polyacetylenes, polysaccharides, and hetero-polysaccharides, inulin, glycoproteins, flavonoids, and alkaloids.
Cone Flower, Pale Coneflower, Purple Cone Flower
Echinacea angustifolia, Echinacea purpurea, Echinacea pallida