Sodium plays an important role in maintaining the body’s hydration level. This mineral is present in the blood and the interstitial fluid that bathes cells. The kidney uses aldosterone, a hormone, to regulate sodium excretion in urine depending on intake and on sodium levels in the body.
What does sodium do?
The average sodium intake for an adult ranges from 2,200–4,100mg/day.
As sodium can lead to high blood pressure, most people would do well to reduce their consumption.Refined and processed foods tend to be high in sodium.
Adequate Intake (AI)* of Sodium:
Salt occurs naturally in a very small number of foods, including celery and milk. Reducing salt in the diet will not interfere with the adequate intake of other nutrients. While sodium chloride is the main source of salt in the diet, other forms can be found in foods, in the form of additives (monosodium glutamate, sodium, benzoate, sodium nitrites, disodium pyrophosphate, etc.). Sodium bicarbonate and sodium citrate can be found in numerous antacids. Canned or processed food often contains significant quantities of additives containing sodium. Cold cuts and condiments are also very high in sodium-based additives.
Food Sources for Sodium: to be Consumed in Moderation (Partial List):
Sodium deficiency is rare given the high salt content of our diet. Yet a deficiency may develop following certain health problems:
Signs of sodium deficiency:
he average sodium (salt) consumption for Canadians ranges from 2,200–4,100 mg/day. Intake in excess of 2,300 mg/day increases the risk of developing high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and kidney problems.
Signs of excessive sodium:
Natural health products or vitamin supplements:
Speak with your pharmacist if you plan to take sodium supplements. Your pharmacist can help you choose the solution that’s best for you based on your health and any drugs you take.
Sodium, Na, Acetate, Bicarbonate, Sodium chloride, Sodium phosphate, Table salt