Living with Chronic Pain

Pain is an unpleasant physical reaction to an actual threat (e.g., hitting your thumb with a hammer) or perceived threat (e.g., seeing the hammer coming dangerously close to your thumb). The sensation you feel is not just sensory, biological, or physical—it is also affective, emotional, psychological, and social.

For example, most women who go through childbirth report having felt intense physical pain. Yet psychologically, they still perceive the experience as being positive. A mother sees her pain as natural and not threatening. The joy of meeting her newborn also plays a role in altering her perception of the pain she suffered.

But unfortunately, in most cases, pain is associated with a negative experience—a car accident, cancer, or a chronic disorder like fibromyalgia.

Table of contents

  • Acute vs. chronic pain
    • Acute pain
    • Chronic pain
  • Types of chronic pain
    • Migraines
      • Description
      • Triggers
      • Clinical manifestations
      • Causes
      • Treatment
    • Chronic low back pain
      • Description
      • Symptoms
      • Causes
      • Risk factors
      • Treatment
    • Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia
      • Description
      • Risk factors
      • Prevention
      • Pain relief
    • Osteoarthritis
      • Description
      • Symptoms
      • Causes and risk factors
      • Treatment
      • Living with osteoarthritis
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
      • Description
      • Symptoms
      • Causes and risk factors
      • Treatment
    • Fibromyalgia
      • Description
      • Symptoms and clinical manifestations
      • Causes and risk factors
      • Treatment
  • Bibliography
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