Travel health

Africa Botswana

Pula (BWP)
Tswana, English

During your stay

Once there, you should still be cautious as you could be exposed to other diseases. The presence of diseases that could pose a risk to your health has been reported in the country. The risk is related to the activities you choose to take part in as well as the areas you visit.

Chikungunya Virus
Precautions against mosquito bites are recommended at all times in certain areas of the country.
Dengue fever can be present in this country. To prevent infection, precautions against mosquito bites are recommended.
Schistosomiasis is present in certain areas of the country. Avoid contact with fresh water (swimming, fishing, drinking untreated water).
Zika Virus
There are mosquitoes capable of transmitting the virus. Anti-mosquito protection can prevent the acquisition of Zika virus or any other infection transmitted by mosquitoes.

Healthy Travelling

Prior to your departure, you may want to register for the "Registration of Canadians Abroad" service. This is a free service that allows the Government of Canada to notify you in case of an emergency abroad or a personal emergency at home. The service also enables you to receive important information before or during a natural disaster or civil unrest. For more information, visist the Government of Canada Web site at

If you have purchased travel insurance, your policy will likely include a 24/7 emergency assistance service to help you locate care and coordinate payment. Be sure to have their phone number with you at all times.

The Canadian Government also has several offices abroad that can provide you with numerous services when in a medical emergency. These services include, but are not limited to:

  • Supplying names of local doctors and health facilities
  • Visiting you in the hospital and providing basic translation services
  • Arranging for medical evacuation if your required treatment is not available in the region (note: costs for this service will not be covered by the government, but may be covered by travel insurance)

If you need help while abroad, you can contact:

Harare - Embassy of Canada
45 Baines Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe
Postal address: P.O. Box 1430, Harare, Zimbabwe
Phone: +263 (024) 2 252 181/2/3/4/5. Note: if calling from a landline in Harare, omit the area code (e.g. dial 2 252 181)
Fax: +263 (24) 2 252-186

Make sure that your passport is valid for the whole length of your trip.
Many countries require that your passport be valid for at least six months after your projected return date.

Bon voyage!

Recommended vaccines

In this section, you will find the list of the immunizations and screenings recommended for Canadians travelling to the above destination (Botswana). Some of them may also be mandatory. The following vaccinations apply to all travellers. For a personalized protection program adapted to your travelling and health needs, visit a travel medicine clinic. Plan ahead: If you need several vaccines, you may need several weeks to complete the immunization schedule.

General vaccination and immunization
Vaccines such as diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis and measles are part of every Canadian's routine immunization schedule. Make sure that you have been vaccinated and that you have received the required booster shots. Special recommendations may apply to poliomyelitis - refer to specialized agencies.
Hepatitis A
Vaccination is recommended for most travellers.
Hepatitis B
Vaccination is recommended for most travellers.
Malaria is endemic in certain areas of the country. Malaria prevention is recommended in such areas. Drugs of choice are: atovaquone proguanil, doxycycline, and mefloquine. Anti-mosquito protection can help prevent the acquisition of infections transmitted by mosquitoes.
Vaccination is recommended for certain groups of travellers only. This includes people who will work in close contact with animals, such as veterinarians, wildlife workers or spelunkers, as well as adventure travellers. Vaccination is also recommended for children in special circumstances.
Typhoid fever
Most travellers should be vaccinated. Transmission occurs via the fecal-oral route, including via the ingestion of contaminated food or water.
Yellow fever
A vaccination certificate may be required for certain travellers.