Acne affects many teenagers and young adults. It is characterized by the presence of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and, in more severe cases, cysts. Acne is often much more than just an aesthetic problem; it can also affect the person psychologically.
What causes acne?
It is wrong to think that acne is caused by poor hygiene (excessive cleaning can even exacerbate the problem) or unhealthy eating. There are many causes, such as hormonal changes, stress, the use of certain cosmetic products, repeated friction (such as wearing a sports helmet), etc. Finally, some drugs may be involved, such as cortisone derivatives taken orally or oral contraceptives.
How to treat acne?
Here are some tips that can help reduce the frequency and intensity of acne breakouts:
- Use a mild cleanser (no more than twice a day)
- Avoid irritating, over-scented or comedogenic cosmetic products
- Do not handle acne lesions
- Avoid friction
- Protect the skin from the sun with a non-greasy and non-comedogenic sunscreen
As for treatments, there are over-the-counter products for mild cases. The majority of these products contain benzoyl peroxide. If over-the-counter treatments are not effective, it is possible to have topical or oral treatments by prescription.
The pharmacist can now, under certain conditions, prescribe treatment for mild to moderate acne. If you have already suffered from acne and it comes back to haunt you, don't hesitate to consult your pharmacist.